As the growing children are prone to get infected easily, it is recommended that essential vaccines are given to them in the early days, which continues for few years. One of the important vaccines amongst all is Conjugate pneumococcal Vaccine. Thisvaccine is used to protect infants and young children from disease caused by the bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). A type of PCV called Prevnar is specially designed to stop seven of about ninety pneumococcal serotypes which are so strong that can cause Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD). IPD kills over one million children every year across the world.
Therefore, Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in India is the only effective public health tool that has the potential of reducing the burden of pneumococcal diseases.
The vaccination of Conjugate Pneumococcal (PCV)protects thechildren from pneumococcal disease. During the course of vaccination, it is important to ensure that scheduling is done for ensuring that it protects the human body best. It must be given on regular intervals so that body responds to it and acts effectively. It is also concluded that routine childhood vaccination helps in reducing pneumococcal disease in adults, especially in high-risk adults having HIV/ AIDS.
Safety and Tolerance:
The PCV creates a moderately high rate of discomfort at the injection site such as pain, redness and swelling. However, the discomfort is tolerable. The PCV is relatively safe in adults.
On the other hand, the Hepatitis A is a liver disease transmitted via food that causes fever and jaundice. This is one of the most common diseases in children and has effective precautionary vaccines for protection. Hepatitis can be acute or chronic and has many different causes including a group of viruses namely A, B, C, D, and E hepatitis viruses. It can also be caused due to various other viruses. In addition, people can develop hepatitis from other things such as fat buildup in the liver, trauma or an autoimmune process.
To protect people from this disease, Hepatitis A Vaccine is given to adults, adolescents, and children making them immune to HAV infection. It is recommended to take two doses of the vaccine for complete protection from the virus. The Hepatitis A Vaccine cost is approximately Rs, 1200.